[[Needless to say, Israel did not ratify or even just sign this Convention.
The reason for that will be evident.]]

International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment
of the Crime of Apartheid

Adopted and opened for signature, ratification by General Assembly
resolution 3068 (XXVIII) of  30 November 1973
Entry into force 18 July 1976, in accordance with article XV

The States Parties to the present Convention,
Recalling the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, in which all
Members pledged themselves to take joint and separate action in co-operation
with the Organization for the achievement of universal respect for, and
observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without
distinction as to race, sex, language or religion,

Considering the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states that all
human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights and that everyone
is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the Declaration,
without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour or national origin,

Considering the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial
Countries and Peoples, in which the General Assembly stated that the process
of liberation is irresistible and irreversible and that, in the interests of
human dignity, progress and justice, an end must be put to colonialism and
all practices of segregation and discrimination associated therewith,

Observing that, in accordance with the International Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, States particularly
condemn racial segregation and apartheid and undertake to prevent, prohibit
and eradicate all practices of this nature in territories under their
jurisdiction,

Observing that, in the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the
Crime of Genocide, certain acts which may also be qualified as acts of
apartheid constitute a crime under international law,

Observing that, in the Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory
Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity, "inhuman acts
resulting from the policy of apartheid" are qualified as crimes against
humanity,

Observing that the General Assembly of the United Nations has adopted a
number of resolutions in which the policies and practices of apartheid are
condemned as a crime against humanity,

Observing that the Security Council has emphasized that apartheid and its
continued intensification and expansion seriously disturb and threaten
international peace and security,

Convinced that an International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment
of the Crime of Apartheid would make it possible to take more effective
measures at the international and national levels with a view to the
suppression and punishment of the crime of apartheid,

Have agreed as follows:

Article I
1. The States Parties to the present Convention declare that apartheid is a
crime against humanity and that inhuman acts resulting from the policies and
practices of apartheid and similar policies and practices of racial
segregation and discrimination, as defined in article II of the Convention,
are crimes violating the principles of international law, in particular the
purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and
constituting a serious threat to international peace and security.
2. The States Parties to the present Convention declare criminal those
organizations, institutions and individuals committing the crime of
apartheid.

Article II
For the purpose of the present Convention, the term "the crime of
apartheid", which shall include similar policies and practices of racial
segregation and discrimination as practised in southern Africa, shall apply
to the following inhuman acts committed for the purpose of establishing and
maintaining domination by one racial group of persons over any other racial
group of persons and systematically oppressing them:
(a) Denial to a member or members of a racial group or groups of the right
to life and liberty of person:
(i) By murder of members of a racial group or groups;
(ii) By the infliction upon the members of a racial group or groups of
serious bodily or mental harm, by the infringement of their freedom or
dignity, or by subjecting them to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment;
(iii) By arbitrary arrest and illegal imprisonment of the members of a
racial group or groups;
(b) Deliberate imposition on a racial group or groups of living conditions
calculated to cause its or their physical destruction in whole or in part;
(c) Any legislative measures and other measures calculated to prevent a
racial group or groups from participation in the political, social, economic
and cultural life of the country and the deliberate creation of conditions
preventing the full development of such a group or groups, in particular by
denying to members of a racial group or groups basic human rights and
freedoms, including the right to work, the right to form recognized trade
unions, the right to education, the right to leave and to return to their
country, the right to a nationality, the right to freedom of movement and
residence, the right to freedom of opinion and expression, and the right to
freedom of peaceful assembly and association;
(d) Any measures, including legislative measures, designed to divide the
population along racial lines by the creation of separate reserves and
ghettos for the members of a racial group or groups, the prohibition of
mixed marriages among members of various racial groups, the expropriation of
landed property belonging to a racial group or groups or to members thereof;
(e) Exploitation of the labour of the members of a racial group or groups,
in particular by submitting them to forced labour;
(f) Persecution of organizations and persons, by depriving them of
fundamental rights and freedoms, because they oppose apartheid.

Article III
International criminal responsibility shall apply, irrespective of the
motive involved, to individuals, members of organizations and institutions
and representatives of the State, whether residing in the territory of the
State in which the acts are perpetrated or in some other State, whenever
they:
(a) Commit, participate in, directly incite or conspire in the commission of
the acts mentioned in article II of the present Convention;
(b) Directly abet, encourage or co-operate in the commission of the crime of
apartheid.

Article IV
The States Parties to the present Convention undertake:
(a) To adopt any legislative or other measures necessary to suppress as well
as to prevent any encouragement of the crime of apartheid and similar
segregationist policies or their manifestations and to punish persons guilty
of that crime;
(b) To adopt legislative, judicial and administrative measures to prosecute,
bring to trial and punish in accordance with their jurisdiction persons
responsible for, or accused of, the acts defined in article II of the
present Convention, whether or not such persons reside in the territory of
the State in which the acts are committed or are nationals of that State or
of some other State or are stateless persons.

Article V
Persons charged with the acts enumerated in article II of the present
Convention may be tried by a competent tribunal of any State Party to the
Convention which may acquire jurisdiction over the person of the accused or
by an international penal tribunal having jurisdiction with respect to those
States Parties which shall have accepted its jurisdiction.

Article VI
The States Parties to the present Convention undertake to accept and carry
out in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations the decisions taken
by the Security Council aimed at the prevention, suppression and punishment
of the crime of apartheid, and to co-operate in the implementation of
decisions adopted by other competent organs of the United Nations with a
view to achieving the purposes of the Convention.

Article VII
1. The States Parties to the present Convention undertake to submit periodic
reports to the group established under article IX on the legislative,
judicial, administrative or other measures that they have adopted and that
give effect to the provisions of the Convention.
2. Copies of the reports shall be transmitted through the Secretary-General
of the United Nations to the Special Committee on Apartheid.

Article VIII
Any State Party to the present Convention may call upon any competent organ
of the United Nations to take such action under the Charter of the United
Nations as it considers appropriate for the prevention and suppression of
the crime of apartheid.

Article IX
1. The Chairman of the Commission on Human Rights shall appoint a group
consisting of three members of the Commission on Human Rights, who are also
representatives of States Parties to the present Convention, to consider
reports submitted by States Parties in accordance with article VII.
2. If, among the members of the Commission on Human Rights, there are no
representatives of States Parties to the present Convention or if there are
fewer than three such representatives, the Secretary-General of the United
Nations shall, after consulting all States Parties to the Convention,
designate a representative of the State Party or representatives of the
States Parties which are not members of the Commission on Human Rights to
take part in the work of the group established in accordance with paragraph
1 of this article, until such time as representatives of the States Parties
to the Convention are elected to the Commission on Human Rights.
3. The group may meet for a period of not more than five days, either before
the opening or after the closing of the session of the Commission on Human
Rights, to consider the reports submitted in accordance with article VII.

Article X
1. The States Parties to the present Convention empower the Commission on
Human Rights:
(a) To request United Nations organs, when transmitting copies of petitions
under article 15 of the International Convention on the Elimination of All
Forms of Racial Discrimination, to draw its attention to complaints
concerning acts which are enumerated in article II of the present
Convention;
(b) To prepare, on the basis of reports from competent organs of the United
Nations and periodic reports from States Parties to the present Convention,
a list of individuals, organizations, institutions and representatives of
States which are alleged to be responsible for the crimes enumerated in
article II of the Convention, as well as those against whom legal
proceedings have been undertaken by States Parties to the Convention;
(c) To request information from the competent United Nations organs
concerning measures taken by the authorities responsible for the
administration of Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories, and all other
Territories to which General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December
1960 applies, with regard to such individuals alleged to be responsible for
crimes under article II of the Convention who are believed to be under their
territorial and administrative jurisdiction.
2. Pending the achievement of the objectives of the Declaration on the
Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, contained in
General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV), the provisions of the present
Convention shall in no way limit the right of petition granted to those
peoples by other international instruments or by the United Nations and its
specialized agencies.

Article XI
1. Acts enumerated in article II of the present Convention shall not be
considered political crimes for the purpose of extradition.
2. The States Parties to the present Convention undertake in such cases to
grant extradition in accordance with their legislation and with the treaties
in force.

Article XII
Disputes between States Parties arising out of the interpretation,
application or implementation of the present Convention which have not been
settled by negotiation shall, at the request of the States parties to the
dispute, be brought before the International Court of Justice, save where
the parties to the dispute have agreed on some other form of settlement.

Article XIII
The present Convention is open for signature by all States. Any State which
does not sign the Convention before its entry into force may accede to it.

Article XIV
1. The present Convention is subject to ratification. Instruments of
ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United
Nations.
2. Accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of accession
with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article XV
1. The present Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after
the date of the deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of
the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.
2. For each State ratifying the present Convention or acceding to it after
the deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or instrument of
accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after
the date of the deposit of its own instrument of ratification or instrument
of accession.

Article XVI
A State Party may denounce the present Convention by written notification to
the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation shall take effect
one year after the date of receipt of the notification by the
Secretary-General.

Article XVII
1. A request for the revision of the present Convention may be made at any
time by any State Party by means of a notification in writing addressed to
the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
2. The General Assembly of the United Nations shall decide upon the steps,
if any, to be taken in respect of such request.

Article XVIII
The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform all States of the
following particulars:
(a) Signatures, ratifications and accessions under articles XIII and XIV;
(b) The date of entry into force of the present Convention under article XV;
(c) Denunciations under article XVI;
(d) Notifications under article XVII.

Article XIX
1. The present Convention, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian
and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives
of the United Nations.
2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit certified
copies of the present Convention to all States.