Impact of the U.N. Sanction on the People of Iraq

July 15, 1997

Summary of Facts

Nearly seven years after Iraq was forced out of Kuwait, sanctions have remained in place, causing the Iraqi people to suffer from poverty, malnutrition, and a collapsed infrastructure. The hardest hit are the most vulnerable, the Iraqi children as well as the elderly. These sanctions are causing untold suffering for the Iraqi people.

Here are some facts:

More than one million Iraqis have died -- more than 600,000 of them children -- as a direct consequence of economic sanctions. As many as 12% of the children surveyed in Baghdad are malnourished, 28% have stunted growth and 29% are underweight. --United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), December 1995

The United Nations International Children's Education Fund estimates that 4,500 children are dying each month from problems related to malnutrition and a shortage of medical supplies. This is one child every ten minutes. --The Christian Science Monitor, 1996

Dr. Leon Eisenberg of Harvard Medical School recently wrote that the sanctions against Iraq represent a "disastrous example of war against the public health...the destruction of the infrastructure resulted in devastating long-term effects on health." Water is contaminated and electricity has been limited in a society that had grown dependent on modern facilities. -- New England Journal of Medicine, April 25, 1997

Since the onset of sanctions, there has been a six-fold increase in the mortality rate for children under five and the majority of the population has been on a semi-starvation diet. -- World Health Organization (WHO), March 1996

Sanctions are inhibiting the importation of spare parts, chemicals, and the means of transportation required to provide water and sanitation services to the civilian population of Iraq. -- UNICEF, 1995

Wheat-flour prices increased by 11,667 times since 1990. -- Center for Economic and Social Rights

Twenty percent of the Iraqi population lives in dire poverty and cannot come close to affording the astronomically rising prices. -- United Nations

"What I saw in Iraq was clear evidence of prevailing human suffering, which is unmistakable: unfortunately it is one of the consequences of economic sanctions. I asked to visit some hospitals without any prior warning, and I saw clear signs of deep suffering." Yasushi Akashi,UN Undersecretary for Humanitarian Affairs after his 6 day mission to Iraq, on May 8, 1997.

PETITION TO LIFT THE UN SANCTIONS ON IRAQ

NO TO THE KILLING OF IRAQI CHILDREN!

Whereas

*United Nations sanctions have caused the death of more than 1,000,000 Iraqis;

*at least 600,000 of them have been children; an additional 4500 Iraqi children die every month;

*more than 12% of living children suffer from malnutrition;

*a full 20% of the Iraqi population is living in dire poverty;

*collective punishment is prohibited by international law;

*punishment of innocent people violates universal principles of human rights;

We the undersigned hereby demand:

THE IMMEDIATE LIFTING OF TRADE AND TRAVEL SANCTIONS!

NAME ADDRESS CITY/STATE TEL.# /E-MAIL

Please print, sign and return to the ADC Task Force on Iraq by August 15

4201 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20008

Tel: 202-244-2990 or Fax: 202-244-3196

e-mail: adc@adc.org