The Christian Minority of the Circumcision (2)

B. IDENTITY OF THIS MINORITY

C. THE FRAGMENTATION OF THIS MINORITY AND ITS DISAPPEARANCE

D.THE JURIDICAL PROBLEM OF THIS MINORITY: THE PERSECUTIONS

NOTES:

(36) DANIELOU J., Theologie du Judea-Christianisme, Jerusalem 1958 (
37) DANIELOU J., Les symboles des chretiens primitifs, Jerusalem 1961
(38) TESTA E., Il Simbolismo dei Giudeo-cristiani, Jerusalem 1962
(39) BAGATTI, L'Eglise de la Circoncision
(40) MEDEBIELLE P., Le diocese patriarcal latin de Jerusalem, Jerusalem 1963, p. 6: TESTA E., Le symbolism dans l'Eglise mere, in Jerusalem (Le Moniteur diocesain du patriarchat latin de Jerusalem 1921) XXVIII (1962), p.19-25
(41) DANIELOU J. op. cit., BAGATTI,op.cit., P.36-41
(42) The Acts of the Aposatles (cf 8:2) confirm an expression of this confusion as reported by Suentonius (BATIFFO P., l'Eglise naissante et le Catholicisme, Paris 1913, p. 22-24): "Judaeos impulsore Chresto assidue tumultuantes Roma expulit".. Also at Corith (cf Acts 8:12-17; 23:29) the proconsul Gallio adresses the Jewish synagougue and accuses Paul to be a renegate of the Law in these terms: "Jews...since it is a matter of question about ...your own law, see to it yourselves; I refuse to be a judge of these things." And again, Paul is accused of being a leader of the "sect of the Nazarens", and "an agitator among all the Jews throughout the world"(Acts 24:5).
(43) EUSEBE DE CESAREE, Historia Ecclesiastica, III, 5, in Patrologia Graeca (Patrologiae cursus completus: series Graeca de Migne), XX,221D. Pella (Khirbet Fahil) is a town of Perea at the edge of the hilly region of Transjordan.
(44) BATIFFOL, op.cit., p.26 Nero only persecuted Christinas, he "mafde them suffer the most sophisticated tortures, fit for a class of men hated for their abominations" and "quos vulgus christianos adpellabat" as TACITUS Annales, XV, 44, in BATIFFOL, ibid. tells us. The fact of this distinction is clearly seen in another text of Tacitus reported by Sulpicius Severus in his Historia Sacra, II (PL, XX, 146 C), which came about asa a result of the consultation by Titus to some officers about the possibility of destroying the Sanctuary: "Quo plenius, dit-il, Judaeorum et Christianorum religio tolleretur, quippe has religiones, licet contrarias sibi, iisdem tamen ab auctoribus profectas; christianos ex Judaeis extitisse; radice sublala stirpem facile perituram"
(45) BAGATTI, op.cit., p. 5 "In Jerusalem, however, where the greatest core of the faithful lived, and who had suffered the fiercest struggle coming from different angels, saught tranquility. Voluntary self-exile to a peaceful territory seemed to be the safest solution".
(46) EUSEBE,op.cit.IV, 6 (PG, XX,312B-313A): "Everybody was absolutely frobidden through a decision with the force of law and by the mandates of Hadrian, to only approach it from a distance, this soil of the fatherland".
(47) EUSEBE, Chrobicorum, edit A. Schoene Berdini Weidmanos 1875hron. ad Olymp. 228, ann. 17 Hadr.: "Nol entes christianos adversum Romanum militem ferre subsidium".
(48)EPIPANE, De qmens. etpond., XIV (PG, LIII, 261A).
(49) ALLARD P., Histoire des pesecutions pendant les deux premiere siecles, Paris 1892, p.267: Far from eradicating their memory, they irrevocably fixed the sites of the Holy Places. And "the impure columns" of the temple were "the indisputable witness and the infalallible marks for the discovery of these sanctuaries".
(50) BAGATTI, op.cit., p.27-28
(51) Ibid., p 46
(52) EPIPHANE, Adv. Haereses, I, 2; XXX, 18 (PG, XLI, 436A)
(53) BAGATTI, op.cit., p. 31-36
(54) EPIPHANE, op.cit., I, 2;XXX, 1-34 (PG,XLI, 405-473); BAGATTI, op.cit., p.31-32
(55) BAGATTI, op.cit., p. 79; GREGO, La reazione ai Giudeo-cristiani nel IV secolo, Jerusalem 1973
(56) Acts 5:7; BRUNOT A> Lwttre aux jeunes communautes, Paris 1972
(57) BAGATTI A., op.cit., p.54
(58) Acts 15:1-35
(59) Gal 2:1-21
(60) Phil 3:2; Acts 20:29; BRUNOT, op. cit., p.110 (61) EUSEBE, op. cit., p. 65
(62) BAGATTI, op. cit., p. 65
(63) Ibid., P.66
(64) Ibid., P.66-70
(65) JUSTIN, Dialogue ave Tryphon le Juif (PG, VI, 47, 576-580)
(66) GREGO, op. cit., p/ 101
(67) Ibid., p. 102 includes a discussion on the canons of theis Council
(68) THEODORE BALSAMON, In Can. XXXVI Conc. Load. (PG. CXXXVII, 1388).
(69) There are many references in BAGATTI, op. cit., p. 74
(70) GREGOIRE DE NYSSE, Epist. III (PG, XLVI, 1016-1024).
(71) JEAN CHRYSOSTOME, Adv. Judaeos, I (PG, XLVIII, 845 ss.
(72) BAGATTI, op. cit., p. &^; GREGO, op. cit., P. 16