Discussion on CRASH COURSE IN MIDDLE EAST HISTORY
Ocober 16, 2000

> CRASH COURSE IN MIDDLE EAST HISTORY
 >
 > from http://www.facts4peace.com
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With my great respect, this article is full of disinformation and misleading. The Jewish leaders themselves disagree to what is stated on this article, as well many different historians and researches disagree.

Let me with great respect give you quotations that can tell you all the TRUTH stating with some Israeli Laeders themselves have said. I do it in the name fairness, Justice and TRUTH.

You will find the text of the article under >> the answers under: RESPONSE after every part of the Article.

>Israel became a nation in 1312 B.C.E., two thousand years before the rise
> of Islam.
>
> Since the Jewish conquest in 1272 B.C.E. the Jews have had dominion over
> the land for one thousand years with a continuous presence in the land for
> the past 3,300 years.  The only Arab dominion since the conquest in 635
C.E.
> lasted no more than 22 years.  For over 3,300 years, Jerusalem has been
> the Jewish capital, Jerusalem has never been the capital of any Arab or
> Muslim entity.  Even when the Jordanians occupied Jerusalem, they never
> sought to make it their capital, and Arab leaders did not come to visit.

RESPONSE: Yes, Israel was before Islam (founded around 622 CE), as before Christians founded around 33 CE). But this does not mean that the land belonged to the Israelis. Becoming a nation does not give them the right to say that the land is theirs. Many people have passed through the history of the Holy Land and founded different nations, should they all pretend the right to return and say theirs is the Holy land after thousands of years. In fact Bishop Hanna Kaldany, the former Catholic be Nazareth, says in his research:

Do you know that Jerusalem has been occupied more than 20 times and ruined 18 times.

1- Pagan Domination of Jerusalem lasted 800 years
2- Jewish Domination lasted 543 years
3- Christian Domination lasted 427 years
4- Muslim Domination lasted 1193 years.
 
A- By pagan Domination 800 years: we mean the dominations of
Babylonians 50 years; Persians 204 years; Alexander the Great 9 years; The Ptolemes 120; The Seleucides 33; Romans (Pompee) 23; Parthes 3; Romans 103; Romans ITitus) 62; Romans 14; all those make 800 years.

B- Jewish Domination, 543 years:
1- David 424 years: David and Hebrew dominations from 1010-586 Before Christ 2- Maccabees 107 years: Maccabees-Hasonians from 170-63 Before Christ 3- Jewish revolts 12 years: Parthes 40-37 Before Christ (some cosider this as Roman domination); Revolt-Jews 66-70 A.D.; Jewish Revolt - Bar-Kchba 132-614 A.D.

C- Christian Domination, 427 years:
Romans 300 years; Byzantines 8 years; Crusaders 88 yeas; British mandate 31 years from 1917-1948

D- Muslim Domination 1193 years;
Khalifes-Fatimides 463; Ayoubites 57 years; Mameluks 273 years; Turks 400 years.

E- Palestine-Israel
1- Mixed domination 1948-1967 2-Jewish domination 1967-1996
Please read the full text at  http://www.al-bushra.org/latpatra/hst-pal.htm

And John Worell, an American archeologist, has lived and worked in Jerusalem for the past three years, says: "The area now called Jerusalem has hosted human residence for at least six thousand years. Two-thirds of that time it has been known to outsiders by a recognizable form of the modern name. Archaeological and textual evidence indicate that it has probably always been a remarkably open, interethnic city. For only a little more than 1% of those six millennia did it serve as the recognized capital of a unified nation called Israel spanning the area between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea", read the whole text at http://www.al-bushra.org/jerusalem1/jer6k.htm

> Arab refugees in Israel began identifying themselves as part of a
> Palestinian people in 1967, two decades after the establishment of the
> modern State of Israel.
In 1948 the Arab refugees were encouraged to leave Israel by Arab leaders
> promising to purge the land of Jews.  Sixty-eight percent left without
ever seeing an Israeli soldier. The Jewish refugees were forced to flee from
Arab lands due to Arab brutality, persecution and pogroms.
>
> The number of Arab refugees who left Israel in 1948 is estimated to be
> around 630,000.  The number of Jewish refugees from Arab lands is
estimated to be the same.
> Arab refugees were intentionally not absorbed or integrated into the Arab
> lands to which they fled, despite the vast Arab territory.  Out of the
> 100,000,000 refugees since World War II, theirs is the only refugee group
in the world that has never been absorbed or integrated into their own
peoples' lands. Jewish refugees were completely absorbed into Israel, a country no
> larger than the state of New Jersey.

RESPONSE: "Jewish villages were built in the place of Arab villages. You do not even know the names of these Arab villages, and I do not blame you because geography books no longer exist, not only do the books not exist, the Arab villages are not there either Nahlal arose in the place of Mahlul; Kibbbutz Gvat in the place of Jibta; Kibbutz Sarid in the place of Huneifis; and Kefar Yehushu'a in the place of Tal al- Shuman. There is not one single place built in this country that did not have a former Arab Population." BY:Moshe Dayan, Address to the Technion, Haifa ( as quoted in Ha'aretz, 4 April 1969)

Quotes from Israeli leaders on transferring Palestinians:
“When we occupy the land, we shall bring immediate benefits to the state
that receives us.  We must expropriate gently, the private property on the
estates assigned to us.  For the remainder, we shall try to spirit the
penniless population across the border by procuring employment for it in the
transit counties whilst denying it any employment in our own country.”    -
Theodor Herzl – The Diaries, 2 June 1895

“The property owners will come over to our side.  Both the process of
expropriation and the removal of the poor must be carried out discretely and
circumspectly.  Let the owners of immovable property believe that they are
cheating us, selling us things for more than they are worth.  But we are not
going to sell them anything back.”  - Theodor Herzl – 2 June 1895

“You will ruin Herzl’s name if you publish his diaries.  Whoever reads them
is bound to believe he was a fool and a swindler.”  - Max Nordau  to David
Wolffson (2nd president of WZO) cited in Wolffson diary entry 7 November
1906

“You see another difficulty, Excellency, in the existence of the non-Jewish
population in Palestine.  But who would think of sending them away? It is
their well being, their individual wealth which we increase by bringing our
own.” – Herzl to Youssuf Zia Al-Khalidi, Major of Jerusalem

Please read all that on: http://www.al-bushra.org/israel/quotation.htm

You can also read this article:
Israeli Plan to cleanse Palestine from it people, 1948
The Israeli military played on Arabs' fear resulting from reports of these atrocities. Yigal Allon, a Palmach leader in 1948 and later a member of the Israeli cabinet and a deputy Prime Minister, is quoted as having written:
We saw a need to clean the inner Galilee and to create a Jewish territorial succession in the entire area of the Upper Galilee....We therefore looked for means which did not force us into employing force, in order to cause the tens of thousands of sulky Arabs who remained in Galilee to flee....We tried to use a tactic which took advantage of the impression created by the fall of Safed and the (Arab) defeat in the area which was cleaned by Operation Metateh - a tactic which worked miraculously well!
I gathered all the Jewish mukhtars, who have contacts with Arabs in different villages, and asked them to whisper in the ears of some Arabs, that a great Jewish reinforcement has arrived in Galilee and that it is going to burn all the villages of Huleh. They should suggest to these Arabs, as their friends, to escape while there is still time (Yigal Alon, The Book of the Palmach, vol. 2, p.286)

After May 14 the IDF continued to expel Arabs from the area allotted to Israel. In many cases it would start shelling a village late at night, without warning. Lt. Col. Yosef Tahenkin, the commander of Harel, one of three Palmach brigades, wrote a description of a typical plan for a night attack on a village by a Palmach unit during the 1948-49 war. According to the plan a detachment of sappers - explosives experts - joins the Israeli force attacking the village. As soon as the village is captured the sappers begin to destroy positions and buildings. "A unit specially chosen by the command, and no one else, begins to collect the booty." (Yosef Tabenkin, “Doctrine of Raids”, quoted in Y.Allon, pp.193f) . When the attack is finished the force completely withdraws. As examples of how the plan had worked in action, Col. Tabenkin cited the capture of the villages of Biddu and Belt Surik.

Thus, testimony regarding yishuv actions is given not only by Palestinians but also by yishuv. These villages were near Abu Gosh on the Jerusalem-Lydda road, an area of several strategic villages.

Israelis sometimes destroyed strategic villages they could not hold because they did not want them reoccupied by Arab military.

Nafez Nazzal interviewed many eyewitnesses of yishuv and Israeli military actions. Although he perhaps did not always obtain corroborating witnesses of the same incidents, the experiences told by the refugees reveal a pattern of actions by members of the yishuv military and the Israeli military.

For example:

On March 28, 1948, villagers from Kabri in western Galilee destroyed a yishuv armored convoy. On May 21, in the ensuing battle for Kabri itself, yishuv soldiers took Amina Musa and her husband, with other captured villagers, to an officer. The men were then led away and at least her husband was shot dead. The prisoners' wives were abandoned on the Kabri-Tarshiha road. The next morning Amina Musa found her husband's body; she and another woman buried him. She stayed in the village six days without eating and then left. (Nazzal Nafez, The Zionist Occupation of Western Galilee, 1948, Pp.70f).

On the night of July 9/10 the IDF surrounded three sides of the village of Kuweikat, a few kilometers cast of Acre, and attacked it with artillery. A villager recalled: "We were awakened...shells exploding and artillery fire...the whole village was in panic. ...Most of the villagers began to flee with their pajamas on. The wife of Qassim Ahmed Sa'id fled carrying a pillow in her arms instead of her child. (Nazzal, pp.72f., quoting Hassan Ahmad Abdullatif, inerviewed 2.13.1973) In the panic and confusion of fleeing, especially in the middle of the night, it was common for families to become separated and children to get lost. (Rosemary Sayigh, Palestinians: From Peasant to Revolutionaries p.84).

 Interviewees told Nazzal that although old people were sometimes allowed to stay on in their villages or in nearby caves, this was not always true. In December 1948 Israelis ordered villagers, including the elderly, into an open truck and drove them in the rain to Zububa, near Jenin. "When they reached the border thc Israelis ordered them to cross to the Arab side. Many of the villagers were too sick to walk and were left behind in the rain. No one knows what happened to Nimr's parents." (Nazzal, p.90, citing interview with Nimir Ayoub, 3.11.1973)

These are a few of many eyewitness accounts of atrocities. In what sense can one claim that these people left their homes and lands voluntarily?

Read more at: http://www.al-bushra.org/palestine/refugee.htm
 
You may like also to read:
About the villages and cities destroyed by Israeli forces that created the problem of the Palestinian refugees at http://www.palestineremembered.com/

I would like to respond to other misleading things on the Article the Dear Pauline forwarded to us.

But I see that I am getting long. I prefer to give you some references that could help you see the TRUTH, specially when JEWS (with historical and refereed quotations) not ARABS or Palestinians are saying it. If we say it, somebody will not believe...

So, be kind to go to:
Rabbi Burger at: http://www.al-bushra.org/zionism/rabbiburger.htm